Metasploit Framework Tutorial | Metasploit Framework Download

Metasploit Framework allows users to identify vulnerabilities in target systems, gain remote access, and execute payloads on machines.
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In this blog, you will learn about the Metasploit Framework. Basically, we will see the advantages and disadvantages of the framework and learn why we need this tool for testing purposes.

Table of Contents

Introduction to Metasploit Framework

Metasploit Framework is an open-source penetration testing tool developed by Rapid7 that enables users to discover vulnerabilities and conduct exploitation techniques against target systems. It includes a collection of modules, exploits, payloads, and auxiliary tools that can be used to test the security of a network or application.

The Metasploit Framework allows users to identify vulnerabilities in target systems, gain remote access, escalate privileges, and execute payloads on compromised machines.

It supports various operating systems, including Windows, Linux, and macOS, and has a wide range of built-in exploits and payloads for different applications and systems.

The framework also provides a command-line interface and a web interface that make it easy for users to conduct penetration tests and analyze the results. It is widely used by security professionals and penetration testers to identify security weaknesses in networks and systems and to test the effectiveness of security measures in place.

However, it’s important to note that the Metasploit Framework should only be used for legitimate security testing purposes with the proper authorization and permission from the target system owners. Using it for any malicious activity is illegal and can result in serious consequences.


Metasploit is a widely used open-source penetration testing framework that allows security researchers and ethical hackers to test the security of systems and networks. Here are some of the key features of Metasploit:

1) Exploitation Development:

Metasploit allows security researchers to create and test their own exploits for vulnerabilities in various systems and applications.

2) Vulnerability Scanning:

It has a built-in scanner that allows users to scan for vulnerabilities in networked systems, including web applications.

3) Payload Generation:

Metasploit generates a wide range of payloads, including reverse shells, meterpreter sessions, and more, that can be used to take control of a target system.

4) Multi-Platform Support:

Metasploit supports a wide range of platforms, including Windows, Linux, and Mac OS, as well as multiple architectures.

5) Community Support:

Metasploit has a large and active community of users and developers, who contribute new exploits, modules, and features on a regular basis.

6) Flexible Architecture:

Metasploit is built on a modular architecture, which allows users to easily customize and extend its functionality.

7) Exploit Database:

Metasploit maintains a large and up-to-date database of known exploits, making it easy for security researchers to find and use exploits for specific vulnerabilities.

8) Integration with Other Tools:

Metasploit can be integrated with other security tools, such as vulnerability scanners, to provide a comprehensive security testing solution.

Directory in Metasploit Framework

Here’s a general overview of the typical directory structure you might find in the Metasploit Framework:

1) Modules:

This directory contains different types of modules, which are essentially plugins that provide specific functionality for exploiting, scanning, or other tasks. Modules are organized into subdirectories based on their category, such as exploits, payloads, auxiliary, post, and more.

2) Data:

This directory might contain additional data files required by certain modules. For example, this could include dictionaries for password cracking or payloads for specific exploits.

3) Documentation:

This directory contains various documentation files that provide information about using Metasploit and its modules effectively.

4) Lib:

This directory contains Ruby scripts and libraries that provide core functionality for the Metasploit Framework.

5) Scripts:

Here, you can find various scripts written in different languages that help automate tasks or provide additional functionality to Metasploit.

6) Tools:

This directory might contain additional tools or scripts that are related to Metasploit but are not part of the core framework itself.

7) Config:

Configuration files and settings for the Metasploit Framework are often located here.

8) Plugins:

If you’re using any plugins to extend Metasploit’s capabilities, you might find them in this directory.

9) Test:

This directory could contain test scripts and resources for testing the functionality of Metasploit.

10) Cache:

This directory might store cached data to improve the performance of certain modules.

11) msfconsole.rc:

This is the configuration file for the Metasploit console (msfconsole), which allows you to set default options and configure the behavior of the console.

Components of Metasploit Framework

The Metasploit Framework is a powerful open-source tool used for developing, testing, and executing exploit code against a remote target. It’s widely used by security professionals and ethical hackers to assess the security of systems. The framework consists of several key components:

A) Console Interface:

The primary way to interact with Metasploit is through its command-line console interface. This interface provides a shell-like environment where you can issue commands to interact with the framework, launch exploits, and manage sessions.

B) Modules:

Metasploit is built around the concept of modules, which are pre-built pieces of code that perform specific tasks. There are several types of modules, including exploits, payloads, auxiliary modules, and post-exploitation modules.

  • Exploits: These modules leverage vulnerabilities in target systems to gain unauthorized access. Metasploit provides a collection of exploits for various software and platforms.
  • Payloads: Payloads are the pieces of code that are delivered to the target after a successful exploitation. They provide the attacker with control over the compromised system.
  • Auxiliary modules: These modules perform various tasks that don’t involve direct exploitation, such as network scanning, fingerprinting, and brute-forcing.
  • Post-exploitation modules: After successful exploitation, these modules help attackers gather additional information, escalate privileges, and maintain control over the compromised system.

C) Exploit Database:

Metasploit maintains an extensive database of known vulnerabilities, exploits, and payloads. This database is regularly updated with new vulnerabilities, allowing security professionals to keep up with the latest threats.

D) Payload Generator:

Metasploit provides tools to generate customized payloads based on the attacker’s needs, such as reverse shells or bind shells. These payloads can be tailored to evade detection and achieve specific goals.

E) Encoders:

Encoders are used to transform payloads in a way that evades detection by intrusion detection systems (IDS) and antivirus software. They help obfuscate the malicious code while maintaining its functionality.

F) Nops (No Operation):

These are padding modules that are used to ensure the proper alignment of the payload within the exploit. They can also be used to test for buffer overflow vulnerabilities.

G) Listeners and Handlers:

After a successful exploitation, Metasploit provides listeners and handlers to manage the sessions established with the compromised systems. These allow attackers to interact with the compromised machines and execute further commands.

H) Database:

The Metasploit Framework can integrate with databases to store information about exploits, vulnerabilities, and scanned targets. This can help organize and track the information obtained during assessments.

I) Msfconsole:

The main console interface is used to interact with Metasploit.

J) Msfvenom:

A standalone tool used for generating payloads and encoding them.

Remember that the Metasploit Framework is a powerful tool that should only be used for ethical and legal purposes, such as security assessments and penetration testing on systems you have explicit permission to test. Unauthorized or malicious use of the framework is illegal and unethical.


The Metasploit Framework is a powerful open-source tool for penetration testing, vulnerability assessment, and exploit development. Some advantages of using the Metasploit Framework are:

A) Comprehensive functionality:

The Metasploit Framework is a comprehensive tool that includes a wide range of functionalities for vulnerability scanning, network discovery, and exploit development.

B) Ease of use:

It is relatively easy to use, even for those with limited technical knowledge. The user interface is intuitive and straightforward, and the tool provides detailed documentation to guide users.

C) Regular updates:

It is regularly updated with new exploits and payloads, ensuring that users have access to the latest tools and techniques for penetration testing.

D) Large community:

It has a large and active community of users who contribute to the development and maintenance of the tool. This community provides support, shares knowledge, and develops new modules and plugins for the tool.

E) Platform independence:

The Metasploit Framework is platform-independent and can be used on a wide range of operating systems and hardware platforms.

F) Customizable:

The Metasploit Framework is highly customizable, allowing users to create their own exploits and payloads or modify existing ones to suit their specific needs.

G) Integration:

It can be integrated with other security tools, such as vulnerability scanners and network analysis tools, to provide a more comprehensive view of network security.


While the Metasploit Framework offers many advantages for security testing and research, there are also some potential disadvantages to consider:

A) Legal and ethical concerns:

It can be used to perform attacks on vulnerable systems, and as such, its use raises ethical and legal concerns. Users must ensure that they are using the tool only legally and ethically.

B) Complex setup:

Setting up the Metasploit Framework can be complex and time-consuming, especially for users who are not familiar with command-line interfaces and scripting languages.

C) Learning curve:

Learning to use the Metasploit Framework effectively requires a significant investment of time and effort, and users may need to have a strong understanding of network security and exploitation techniques.

D) Over-reliance on automation:

While automation can save time and effort, over-reliance on the Metasploit Framework’s automated features can lead to false positives, missed vulnerabilities, and a lack of understanding of the underlying exploitation techniques.

Requirements for Metasploit Framework

The hardware requirements to install Metasploit are −

  • 2 GHz+ processor
  • 1 GB RAM is available
  • 1 GB plus available disk space

Metasploit can be used with a Web Interface or a PowerShell terminal.

The recommended OS versions for Metasploit are −

  • Kali Linux 2.0 or Upper Versions
  • Backtrack 3 and Upper Versions
  • Red Hat Enterprise Linux Server 5.10+
  • Red Hat Enterprise Linux Server 6.5+
  • Red Hat Enterprise Linux Server 7.1+
  • Ubuntu Linux 10.04 LTS
  • Ubuntu Linux 12.04 LTS
  • Ubuntu Linux 14.04 LTS
  • Windows Server 2008 R2
  • Windows Server 2012 R2
  • Windows 7
  • Windows 8.1

Installation of Metasploit Framework

In Kali Linux, the Metasploit Framework is already installed.

To start with Metasploit Framework, just type the command

$ msfconsole

In Windows,

You need to install

  1. Virtual Machine.
  2. In that Virtual Machine, install the Metasploitable Framework.

Basic command of Metasploit Framework

A) To run the Metasploit Framework

$ msfconsole

B) To update the package

msf> apt update

C) To check the version

└─$ msfconsole --version
Framework Version: 6.2.30-dev


Overall, the Metasploit Framework is a powerful and flexible tool that can be used for a wide range of security testing tasks. Its ease of use, regular updates, large community, and platform independence make it a popular choice among security professionals.


What is the Metasploit Framework used for?

Metasploit Framework is an open-source penetration testing tool developed by Rapid7 that enables users to discover vulnerabilities and conduct exploitation techniques against target systems. It includes a collection of modules, exploits, payloads, and auxiliary tools that can be used to test the security of a network or application.
The Metasploit Framework allows users to identify vulnerabilities in target systems, gain remote access, escalate privileges, and execute payloads on compromised machines.

Is the Metasploit Framework good for beginners?

This tool is for penetration testers, ethical hackers, and security consultants who wish to rapidly learn the Metasploit framework in order to do simple penetration tests on highly guarded systems.

Which programming language is used in Metasploit?

The programming language that is used in Metasploit is Ruby.

What are the components of the Metasploit Framework?

The framework consists of several key components:
(A) Console Interface
B) Modules
C) Exploit Database
D) Payload Generator
E) Encoders
F) Nops (No Operation)
(G) Listeners and Handlers
H) Database
I) Msfconsole
J) Msfvenom

What are the directories in Metasploit Framework?

Following are the directories in the Metasploit Framework:
1) Modules
2) Data
3) Documentation
4) Lib
5) Scripts
6) Tools
7) Config
8) Plugins
9) Test
10) Cache
11) msfconsole.rc

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